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Has the Duterte administration lived up to its promises?
The Movement for Good Governance assessed how the administration performed on three major areas: the economy, public finance, and agriculture. Benchmarking was done based on data and performance indicators using a 10-point scorecard. The rating ranges from 0 to 10 depending on how well the administration has achieved its targets.
The overall rating of the President is 4.71. It can go up to 4.95 if the employment figures which are still forthcoming will show an increase in new job generation. The score means that what has been accomplished is lower than expected. The administration got a rating of 4.6-5.6 in managing the economy; 4.75 in public finance, 5.5 in agriculture, 3.75 in governance, and 5 in health protection.
The MGG gives a high rating of 7.5 on of the government’s performance on Human Development. The Human Development Index is a measure of the state of health, the level of knowledge and skills and the level of income. The HDI can range from 0 (lowest) to 1 (highest). The HDI of the Philippines, as of the Human Development Report is 0.682. It should be noted however, that the score is based on 2015 data. Building on the gains of the past administration, the target of achieving a 0.70 level of human development by 2022 will most certainly be achieved.
A score of 5 was given for GDP growth. The growth rate for the first three quarters of the Duterte administration averaged 6.7% with a declining trend. Performance in attaining inclusive growth was given a low of 2.5. Given the absence of recent statistics, MGG used the SWS survey on self-rated poverty. Self-rated poverty went up to 50 percent in March 2017 and declined to 44% in June 2017. Self-rated poverty went up to 33% in June 2017 from 30% in September 2016 with regional variation, with the highest, 44% in Visayas.
The performance in labor generation was rated at 2.5. The average unemployment rate of 5.67% was higher than 5.5% in 2016. This means that employment has been declining.
The promise of maintaining the fiscal agenda had a score of 4.5 mainly because of the turnaround in the policy of financing infrastructure through borrowings instead of the Public Private Sector Partnership (PPPs). The Philippines has had a positive experience with PPPS with lower costs, shorter period for project completion, and better maintenance and operations. With the inability of the revenue collecting agencies to reach their targets, the borrowing strategy may be risky.
The Tax Reform Program was given a score of 6 noting that the regressive distribution of the overall tax burden. MGG expresses its apprehension that the transfer mechanism which can lessen its impact on the poor will suffer from inefficiencies. The period for implementing the subsidy is relatively short for the poor to adjust to the increase in prices from the excise tax on petroleum. The MGG further notes the disconnect between the policy intention and the action of the Lowe House.
MGG lauds the golden age of infrastructure but notes that government has underspent in 2016 and during the first quarter of the year. Government’s performance is not consistent with its pronouncements.
The administration may have spoken too soon in promising that corruption will be stopped within a six month-period. The Philippines slid to 101 out of 175 countries compared to 95 out of 168 countries in 2014. Its score of 35 has not improved.
MGG notes with favor the initial gains in agriculture. Growth in agriculture in the second half of 2016 recorded a 0.5% increase from a negative 3.2% in the first half. Following a 4.9% rise in the first quarter of 2017, it is likely that the sector will hit 4% growth for the whole of 2017. This is a significant recovery from the dry spell of 2016. But the administration has much to cover to catch up with ASEAN peers.
MGG found it difficult to assess how the Duterte administration has lived up to its platform on governance. His 20 election promises make no mention of how he intends to use the powers and resources of the Office of the President to promote the welfare of the citizens and to empower them. His promises are stated in terms of what he intends to do, regardless of systems and processes. Our assessment on governance was limited to assessing the results of his promises.
The President was given 10 for fulfilling his promise of interring the remains of former President Marcos in Libingan ng Bayani and his promise to pardon former President Arroyo. He is on track on his promise to promote family planning and improve wages of the military. But he fell short in suppressing crime by 2016 since the number of murder cases rose. The other areas where slow progress was noted were stopping corruption government, ending labor contractualization, distributing coco levy to farmers, opening health facilities in every barangay with a doctor, and solving traffic problems in Manila.
MGG notes that AmBisyon Natin 2040 is an excellent platform to achieve the sustainable development goals (SDGs). However, a lot of action needs to be taken for real change to be felt. Although the capacities of rehabilitation and treatment centers have doubled with additional training given to frontline health workers, the war on drugs has resulted to a loss of 7,000 lives mostly urban poor Filipinos. Construction of health care facilities and rehabilitation centers has been slow, despite the additional P 96.366 billion allocated to DOH. Financial risk protection is still not experienced by all Filipinos with approximately 8 million Filipinos who still outside PhilHealth, despite the additional P3.0 billion pesos given to its budget. Finally, the lack of clear guidance from DOH on what a service delivery network is, and how it can be successfully implemented is an impediment to the progress that is being undertaken by the department. Several tools to enable SDNs, such as telehealth/telemedicine, are available for use and implementation. Without a department administrative or memorandum order, on how to integrate and make full use of these tools for SDN creation can result to a disorganized effort. The long-standing dearth of health human resources – coupled by the assassination of four physicians serving in the provinces in the first year of the Duterte administration ,contribute to the challenge of achieving SDNs. Instituting a return of service for all health professional graduates (physicians, nurses, pharmacists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, etc.) of state universities and colleges and distributing them to their provinces of origin or areas of need offer an excellent way of resolving this challenge. But this must be complemented by a well-designed security and safety plan for all health personnel in the country.
To read the assessment paper in full or to download a copy, please click here.
MGG is a coalition of individuals and organizations chaired by former Socio-Economic Planning Secretary Solita Monsod. It was founded in 2008 to promote transparent, participatory, and accountable governance.
MGG’s previous assessments of the Aquino Administration can be found here.
In the News:
A group of citizens including public servants, civil society leaders, and educators have issued the following statement:
A TIME TO HEAL AND A TIME TO UNITE
We stand in solidarity with Leni Robredo.
We have great faith that her inspiring and selfless leadership can help the nation rise above the polarizing effect of the 2016 elections. Having been honed and deeply immersed in the ideals and practice of good governance and people empowerment during her life partnership with Jesse Robredo, she embodies how a public servant should use the powers and responsibilities of public office for the public good. Based on how she has lived her life, we are certain that she as duly-elected Vice President, will continue to be the government’s champion of those in the peripheries.
Above all, Leni Robredo Sands for what is right and honest, and will not tolerate anything that will taint her name, raise a cloud of suspicion on her supporters, or damage our institutions, especially our electoral process.
In view of the accusations that the results have been manipulated — giving rise once more to divisive debates that are dominating social and mass media — we appeal for sobriety. We express our sincere belief that Leni’s eventual victory will be won through the collective and free choice of the Filipino electorate.
When the political battle ends, it will then be time for reconciliation; time to set aside partisan differences that have divided us as a people and as a nation. We need to rise above our pains to help our country attain political and economic stability that will give us, especially the poor, reason to hope for a brighter future.
Benjie Abadiano, President, Assisi Development Foundation
Carmencita Abella, Past President, Development Academy of the Philippines
Estelita Aguirre, Former Executive Director, PICPA
Chris Abanes, International Visitors Program
Cecille Alcantara, Director, Corporate Foundation
Geefree Alonsabe, Mayor, Alimodian, Iloilo
Rey Aquino, Former PhilHealth President
Dindin Araneta, Arts and Culture Advocate
Vicky Armilla, Former Managing Director, Foundation for the Assistance to Hansenites
Oscar Atendido, TV and Stage Director
Milette Belicena, Officer, Rotary Club of Makati
Romeo Bernardo, Former Undersecretary of Finance
Karina Bolasco, Publicist
Marissa Camacho, Development Worker
Evelyn Caja, Special Teacher for the Blind
Honey Carandang, Founder, MLAC Institute for Psychological Services, Inc.
Nieves Confesor, Former Dean, Asian Institute of Management
Rafael Coscolluela, Former Governor, Negros Occidental
Esteban Coscolluela, Former Mayor, Murcia, Negros Occidental
Karina Constantino-David, Former Chairman, Civil Service Commission
Edicio de la Torre, President, Education for Life
Bong de la Torre, Stage Actor
Dr. Eddie Dorotan, Former Mayor, Irosin, Sorsogo
Florecia Casanova Dorotan, Former National Chairperson, Women Action Network for Development
Isabelle Ereñeta, Movement for Good Governance
Marivic Espano, CEO, Punongbayan and Araullo
Elizabeth fontanoza, Education Consultant
Alfonso Gamboa, Former Mayor, Enrique Magalona, Negros Occidental
Maite Gallego, Volunteer, My Rizal
Vicky Garchitorena, Former Cabinet Secretary
Ernesto Garilao, Former Agrarian Reform Secretary
Jason Gonzales, Mayor-Elect, Lambuano, Iloilo
Pehm Grafilo, Development Worker
Milwida M. Guevara, Lead Convenor, Movement for Good Governance
Cielito F. Habito, Former Secretary of Planning
Jay Jalandoni, Former Vice Mayor, Silay City, Negros Occidental
Harvey Keh, Executive Director, Ahon Foundation
James Kho, Environmental Lawyer
Cheche Lazaro, Journalist and TV Producer
Anthony Leachon, Internist, Manila Doctors Hospital
Benjamin de Leon, Former Presidential Assistant for Social Development
Loida Nicholas-Lewis, Chairperson of the US Pinoys for Good Governance
Bertie Lim, Former Tourism Secretary
Jess Lorenzo, Executive Director, Seaoil Foundation
Bobby Manzano, Country Director of Development – Philippines, Operation Smile
Darwin Mariano, Convenor, Movement for Good Governance
Paulo Mendoza, Pathologist, Cardinal Santos Medical Center
Solita Monsod, Professor Emerita, University of the Philippines
Imelda Nicolas, Chairperson, Commission on Filipinos Overseas
Ernesto Ordoñez, Former Secretary, Presidential Flagship and Projects
Maeng Penado, Past President, Philippine Jaycees
Renato Raymundo, Former United Nations Volunteer, Surgeon, South Africa
Nonoy San Luis, Mayor, Pili, Camarines Sur
Vergel Santos, Former Editor, The Manila Times and Manila Chronicle
Chit Santos, Columnist, Philippine Daily Inquirer
John Silva, Executive Director, Ortigas Foundation
Eddy Tiongson, Elected Councilor, Sonao
Salvador and Vivian Togle, Convenors, Organization of Movers and Game Changers
Antonio Torralba, Former Dean, College of Liberal Arts
Dr. Mario Villaverde, Assistant Dean, Ateneo School of Government
Nina Lim Yuson, President, Museo Pambata
The MGG 2016 Briefer on Senatorial Candidates is a summary of comparative information on the senatorial candidates according to the Effective, Empowering, and Ethical criteria in our Scorecard.
- Albani, Shariff Ibrahim Hussein
- Alunan, Rafael
- Ambolodto, Nariman
- Arquieza, Godofredo
- Baligod, Levito
- Belgica, Greco
- Bello, Walden
- Bersales, Alvin
- Cam, Sandra
- Colmenares, Neri
- de Lima, Leila
- Drilon, Franklin
- Estrada, Mary Lou
- Gadon, Lorenzo
- Gatchalian, Sherwin
- Gordon, Richard
- Guingona, Teofisto
- Gutang, Rodrigo
- Hontiveros, Risa
- Jimenez, Dante
- Kapunan, Lorna Pantajo
- Kiram, Jacel
- Lacson, Panfilo
- Langit, Rey
- Lapid, Mark
- Liban, Dante
- Maganto, Romeo
- Millendez, Anacleto
- Montano, Allan
- Moreno, Alma
- Moreno, Francisco
- Napenas, Getulio
- Ople, Susan
- Osmena, Serge
- Pacquiao, Manny
- Paez, Crescente
- Pagdilao, Samuel
- Palparan, Jovito
- Pangilinan, Francis
- Petilla, Jericho
- Recto, Ralph
- Reyes, Roberto
- Romualdez, Martin
- Romulo, Roman
- Santiago, Dionisio
- Sotto, Vicente
- Tolentino, Francis
- Valerosa, Diosdado
- Villanueva, Joel
- Zubiri, Juan Miguel
For comparative information on the Presidential and Vice Presidential Candidates, please click here.
About a hundred priests from Bulacan attended the townhall meeting that was organized by Msgr. Bert Suatengco at the Diocesan Formation Center in Guiguinto Bulacan on April 18, 2016. Almost 40 percent of the priest-participants expressed the need for discernment and did not participate in the voting exercise. They said that they are still in the process of reflection with the help of the Holy Spirit.
The discussion of the lost opportunities of the Philippines due to corruption by Prof. Monsod served as a prelude to the townhall. She highlighted why political dynasties have to be stopped.
The priests then stood up to discuss their choices for the Presidency. One participant said he found it difficult to choose Roxas because of the appointment of Sec. Abaya at DOTC and because of the very bad service that the MRT provides. Another stood up and said it was unfair for Roxas to be blamed for all the problems of government. He clarified that appointments are made by the President and not by Roxas. Another priest vouched for Roxas because of his integrity. A young priest said he chose Santiago because of her intelligence. Another said he will vote for Poe but did not explain the reason why. The priest who chose Binay said that he has done some good although he is alleged to be corrupt.
The performance of former Governor de la Cuz and Alvarado was ably compared by a priest who used to work with the provincial hospital. He deplored the practice of perpetual patronage under Gov. Alvarado with Internal Revenue Allotments being withheld for barangay leaders who are not allies of the Governor. He expressed hope that under the leadership of Gov. De La Cruz, the needed health service delivery especially to the poor would be revived. The COA reports on the disallowances and suspension of millions of expenditures of Gov. Alvarado were reviewed during the meeting.
The challenge of enabling voters to base their choices based on the integrity and performance of the candidates was raised by another priest. He said that voters are influenced by personalities and popularity of the candidates. However, he encouraged his colleagues to keep on trying to help voters to choose the candidates who are sincere and who will serve the country well.
Atty. Christian Monsod capped the townhall meeting by emphasizing the need for leaders who will heed the call to help the poor particularly the farmers. He informed the participants of the loopholes in the law that politicians and businesses take advantage of to be exempt from the Agrarian Reform Program and the provision of credit to farmers.
Roxas was the choice of 63% of the voters during the post -voting. During the first voting, he only got 33 percent of the votes.
Robredo was the predominant choice getting 72% of the first voting and 85% during the second vote.
Access to information made 100% of the priests who voted to choose Former Governor de la Cruz over Gov. Alvarado.
Results of the townhall meeting (60 participants):
|de la Cruz||84%||100%|